Cancer Screening Rates
About population cancer screening 
Population screening refers to a test that is offered to all individuals in a target group, usually defined by age (or gender), as part of an organised program.
A Population Based Screening Framework, based on the World Health Organization (WHO) principles of screening has been developed for Australia
The aim of the Screening Framework is to provide guidance for decision makers when considering potential population based screening programs in Australia.
Australian currently has population screening programs for breast, bowel and cervical cancer.
How population screening is different
Population screening is different to diagnostic tests and risk-based assessment.
Diagnostic tests are done if you already have signs or symptoms of a disease. They confirm the presence or absence of disease.
Risk-based assessment uses tools such as the Familial Risk Assessment (FRA-BOC).
FRA-BOC assesses a woman’s risk of breast or ovarian cancer based on her family history.
By using the FRA-BOC a physician may choose to:
- refer a woman for further assessment who is outside of the age range of the population screening program
- send a woman for assessment more frequently than is recommended under the population screening program
- send a woman for more complex test than is used in the population screening program e.g. MRI